10 interesting facts about India’s first satellite Aryabhata

10 interesting facts about India’s first satellite Aryabhata (1975) images

  1. The native satellite was launched by Russia, from their Kapustin Yar rocket launch and development site using a Kosmos-3M launch vehicle taking the country on an exciting space odyssey.
  2. Built by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to gain experience in building and operating a satellite in space, it was actually launched by the Soviet Union.
  3. The Aryabhata was built to conduct experiments in X-ray astronomy, aeronomics, and solar physics.
  4. The Aryabhata was a 26-sided polyhedron 1.4 metres (4.6 ft) in diameter. All faces (except the top and bottom) were covered with solar cells. It weighed 360 Kgs.
  5. Aryabhata was named after the 5th century Indian astronomer and mathematician.
  6. The Aryabhata’s image appeared on the reverse of Indian 2 rupee banknotes between 1976 and 1997
  7. The Aryabhata satellite re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere on 11 February 1992, 17 years after its launch.
  8. A toilet in Bangalore was converted into a data receiving centre for India’s first satellite Aryabhata.
  9. On its launch, the Aryabhata’s 96.46-minute orbit had an apogee of 611 kilometres (380 mi) and a perigee of 568 kilometres (353 mi), at an inclination of 50.6 degrees
  10. To mark this historic event, both India and Russia, released commemorative stamps and first day covers.

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